It achieved agreement on a contentious cereal price accord, as well as making a positive impression upon third countries when it made its international debut at the Kennedy Round of General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) negotiations. Más información sobre la suscripción a Scribd Emplearemos esos datos para mejorar su experiencia de navegación en nuestro sitio web. As a result of the increase in the number of states, the Amsterdam Treaty triggered a reduction in the number of Commissioners to one per state, rather than two for the larger states. In base all’art. Personale. [18] The Rey Commission completed the Community's customs union in 1968, and campaigned for a more powerful, elected, European Parliament. What does the European Commission do? 245 and 247, Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union). Barroso's first Commission term expired on 31 October 2009. It is common, although not a formal requirement, that the commissioners have previously held senior political positions, such as being a member of the European Parliament or a government minister.[4]. Share this page on: Facebook. The commission also operates out of numerous other buildings in Brussels and Luxembourg. The Commission has the following functions: Legislation – The Commission initiates legislation. [70], The President of the Commission is selected by consensus by the European Council[71] and confirmed by the European Parliament or not. Inoltre, il Kirgisistan è diventato membro nel 2004; il Cile nel 2005; la Repubblica di Corea e il Montenegro nel 2006; il Marocco e l'Algeria nel 2007; Israele nel 2008, Peru e Brasile nel 2009, la Tunisia e Messico nel 2010, Kazakistan nel 2011, Stati Uniti nel 2013, Kosovo nel 2014, Costa Rica nel 2016 e Canada nel 2019. The single largest DG is the Directorate-General for Translation, with a 2309-strong staff, while the largest group by nationality is Belgian (18.7%), probably due to a majority (17,664) of staff being based in the country. 1 like. Administrative entities / [8] The Council of the European Union then nominates the other members of the Commission in agreement with the nominated President, and the 27 members as a single body are then subject to a vote of approval by the European Parliament. In 2007 the Commission increased from 25 to 27 members with the accession of Romania and Bulgaria who each appointed their own Commissioners. [19] Despite Rey being the first President of the combined communities, Hallstein is seen as the first President of the modern Commission. Juncker appointed his previous campaign director and head of the transition team, Martin Selmayr, as his chief of cabinet. [66], The commission is composed of a college of "Commissioners" of 27 members, including the President and vice-presidents. [14], The Malfatti and Mansholt Commissions followed with work on monetary co-operation and the first enlargement to the north in 1973. El Consejo de la UE es la institución que representa a los gobiernos de los Estados miembros. Commissione europea – Rappresentanza in Italia, Roma e Milano, Italia. [45], The commission was set up from the start to act as an independent supranational authority separate from governments; it has been described as "the only body paid to think European". However the more capable the candidate is, the more likely the Commission President will assign them a powerful portfolio, the distribution of which is entirely at his or her discretion. [46] The members are proposed by their member state governments, one from each. For the first time, the European Commission proposed that medical preparedness for CBRN attack threats is a high priority. [58], The commission's powers in proposing law have usually centred on economic regulation. In 2014, Jean-Claude Juncker became President of the European Commission. Each covers a specific policy area such as agriculture or justice and citizens' rights or internal services such as human resources and translation and is headed by a director-general who is responsible to a commissioner. [42][43] The treaty further provides that the most recent European elections should be "taken into account" when appointing the commission, although the President is still proposed by the European Council; the European Parliament "elects" the commission, rather than "approves" it as under the Treaty of Nice.[42]. Some states, such as France, expressed reservations over the power of the High Authority, and wished to limit it by giving more power to the Council rather than the new executives. La Commissione inoltre vigila sulla corretta applicazione del diritto europeo da parte dei singoli stati membri. sobre nuestro sitio web. Danimarca. Although the institutional crisis was solved the following year, it cost Etienne Hirsch his presidency of Euratom and later Walter Hallstein the EEC presidency, despite his otherwise being viewed as the most 'dynamic' leader until Jacques Delors. Los funcionarios del Servicio de Prensa hablan extraoficialmente sobre las actividades del Consejo. [3] One of the 27 is the Commission President (currently Ursula von der Leyen) proposed by the European Council[7] and elected by the European Parliament. Originating in 1951 as the High Authority in the European Coal and Steel Community, the commission has undergone numerous changes in power and composition under various presidents, involving three Communities. [67] Before the commission can assume office, the college as a whole must be approved by the Parliament. Țară . [87], There is a larger press corps in Brussels than Washington, D.C.; in 2007, media outlets in every Union member-state had a Brussels correspondent. Alăturați-vă la navlosire. El mandato del presidente del Consejo Europeo, de dos años y medio de duración, es renovable una sola vez. Under the Treaty of Nice, the first Commission to be appointed after the number of member states reached 27 would have to be reduced to "less than the number of Member States". 8_commissione_eu ©2019-2020 DIARI BV . [15], Louis Armand led the first Commission of Euratom. It takes place every weekday in the commission's press room at the Berlaymont where journalists may ask questions of Commission officials on any topic and legitimately expect to get an "on the record" answer for live TV. Los Comités y los Grupos se encargan del trabajo preparatorio de los expedientes antes de que se debatan las en reuniones del Consejo. [53][54] This monopoly has been challenged by some who claim the Parliament should also have the right, with most national parliaments holding the right in some respects. This EU institution operates as a cabinet government, with 27 members of the Commission (informally known as "commissioners"). Following the accession of Romania and Bulgaria in January 2007, this clause took effect for the next Commission. [84] The number of Commission press releases shows a decreasing trend. [100][101][102][103] It has also been criticised on IT-related issues, particularly with regard to Microsoft. Puede ponerse en contacto con la sede para organizar una visita, formular preguntas sobre la labor de ambas instituciones o solicitar,un documento, entre otros servicios. The Amsterdam Treaty had increased the commission's powers and Prodi was dubbed by the press as something akin to a Prime Minister. [73][74][75] In 2004, this system produced a number of candidates[76] and was thus criticised by some MEPs: following the drawn-out selection, the ALDE group leader Graham Watson described the procedure as a "Justus Lipsius carpet market" producing only the "lowest common denominator"; while Green-EFA co-leader Daniel Cohn-Bendit asked Barroso after his first speech "If you are the best candidate, why were you not the first?"[77][78]. Frans Timmermans Better Regulation, Inter-Institutional Relations, the Rule of Law and the Charter of Fundamental Rights Mission Letter Federica Mogherini Europa Business School is not a degree granting institution . Sus comentarios son sumamente importantes para nosotros, pues nos permiten mejorar, en lo sucesivo, su experiencia. Membri . In the end, a centre-right candidate was chosen: José Manuel Barroso of the European People's Party. [32] In response to the scandal, the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) was created. There is one journalist covering EU news for Latvia and none for Lithuania. [52], The Commission differs from the other institutions in that it alone has legislative initiative in the EU. Pagini din categoria „Liste despre membrii Parlamentului European” Următoarele 73 pagini aparțin acestei categorii, dintr-un total de 73. In addition to these, 9230 "external staff" (e.g. p32. Comisión Europea es la principal administradora del presupuesto, y destina 80% del mismo a los Estados miembros y más o menos 13% al resto del mundo. [10], Before the Treaty of Lisbon came into force, the executive power of the EU was held by the council: it conferred on the Commission such powers for it to exercise. However, according to the treaties it still has to be fewer than the total number of members, thus it was proposed that the member state that does not get a Commissioner would get the post of High Representative – the so-called 26+1 formula. [33][34] Powers were strengthened again; the Treaty of Nice, signed in 2001, gave the Presidents more power over the composition of their Commissions. [35] The Barroso Commission was also the first full Commission since the enlargement in 2004 to 25 members; hence, the number of Commissioners at the end of the Prodi Commission had reached 30. European Union website - EUROPA is the official EU website that provides access to information published by all EU institutions, agencies and bodies. En toda nuestra vida, estamos expuestos a una serie de eventos que causan una impresión positiva o negativa, entre estas experiencias se encuentran los traumas… E 7% restante se destina a gastos administrativos. Join our Newsletter . Each Commissioner is first nominated by their member state in consultation with the Commission President. El presidente del Consejo Europeo ha sido elegido para el periodo comprendido entre el 1 de diciembre de 2019 y el 31 de mayo de 2022. [96], In 2009 the European ombudsman published statistics of citizens' complaints against EU institutions, with most of them filed against the commission (66%) and concerning lack of transparency (36%). Iulie 2020. ECHA works closely with the European Union Member States and the European Economic Area (EEA) countries Norway, Iceland and Liechtenstein. [18], Allegations of fraud and corruption were again raised in 2004 by former chief auditor Jules Muis. [2], Through Article 17 of the Treaty on European Union the commission has several responsibilities: to develop medium-term strategies; to draft legislation and arbitrate in the legislative process; to represent the EU in trade negotiations; to make rules and regulations, for example in competition policy; to draw up the budget of the European Union; and to scrutinise the implementation of the treaties and legislation. It has put forward a large number of regulations based on a "precautionary principle". Codice di condotta e statistiche per il personale della Commissione europea. [68] Once proposed, the President delegates portfolios among each of the members. [17] in 1965, however, accumulating differences between the French government of Charles de Gaulle and the other member states on various subjects (British entry, direct elections to Parliament, the Fouchet Plan and the budget) triggered the "empty chair" crisis, ostensibly over proposals for the Common Agricultural Policy. The commission is divided into departments known as Directorates-General (DGs) that can be likened to departments or ministries. Hence a guarantee given for a rerun of the vote was that the council would use its power to amend the number of Commissioners upwards. Sono allora avviati ufficialmente i negoziati , che procedono settore per settore. Goes It Alone", "After 13 years of hold-ups and incompetence, the EU's 'Berlaymonster' rises like a phoenix", Access to documents of the European Commission, High Authority of the Coal and Steel Community, Commission of the Atomic Energy Community, Table of European Commission Directorates-General and Services, Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Inclusion, Neighborhood and Enlargement Negotiations, Infrastructures and Logistics (Brussels & Luxembourg), European Coal and Steel Community (1951–2002), European Economic Community (1958–1993/2009), Mechanism for Cooperation and Verification, Cities with more than 100,000 inhabitants, Largest cities by population within city limits, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=European_Commission&oldid=993994379, Short description is different from Wikidata, Articles containing Bulgarian-language text, Articles containing Croatian-language text, Articles containing explicitly cited English-language text, Articles containing Estonian-language text, Articles containing Finnish-language text, Articles containing Hungarian-language text, Articles containing Italian-language text, Articles containing Latvian-language text, Articles containing Lithuanian-language text, Articles containing Maltese-language text, Articles containing Portuguese-language text, Articles containing Romanian-language text, Articles containing Slovene-language text, Articles containing Spanish-language text, Articles containing Swedish-language text, Pages using collapsible list with both background and text-align in titlestyle, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 16:28. [40][41] This guarantee (which may find its way into the next treaty amendment, probably in an accession treaty) contributed to the Irish approving the treaty in a second referendum in 2009. The High Authority was the supranational administrative executive of the new European Coal and Steel Community (ECSC). ; Politica de confidențialitate Si no es periodista, envíe su solicitud al servicio de información al público. Chiesta dalla Commissione europea a tutti gli Stati membri” IFQ. [9] The current Commission is the Von der Leyen Commission, which took office in December 2019, following the European Parliament elections in May of the same year. This means that pre-emptive regulation takes place if there is a credible hazard to the environment or human health: for example on tackling climate change and restricting genetically modified organisms. Pubblicate le raccomandazioni della Commissione europea agli Stati membri sulla definizione dei Piani Strategici della PAC. În conformitate cu Directiva UE 2009/136/CE, vă informăm că vizitarea acestui site antrenează activarea unui modul „cookie” în momentul accesării sistemului.Dacă nu sunteți de acord cu activarea acestui modul, nu accesați site-ul. Saranno le autorità nazionali a determinare i criteri in base ai quali attivare la richiesta di assistenza da parte dell'UE. As of 2007, the only other criminal law proposals which have been brought forward are on the intellectual property rights directive,[62] and on an amendment to the 2002 counter-terrorism framework decision, outlawing terrorism‑related incitement, recruitment (especially via the internet) and training.[63]. [94] The Treaty of Lisbon may go some way to resolving the perceived deficit in creating greater democratic controls on the commission, including enshrining the procedure of linking elections to the selection of the Commission president. Más información sobre los servicios de prensa. La Commissione europea è una delle principali istituzioni dell'Unione europea, suo organo esecutivo e promotrice del processo legislativo. [47] The rules of procedure of the European Commission set out the commission's operation and organisation. However, they are bound to act independently – free from other influences such as those governments which appointed them. Lisbon also combined the posts of European Commissioner for External Relations with the council's High Representative for the Common Foreign and Security Policy. Ultima editare a paginii a fost efectuată la 27 mai 2020, ora 04:07. Tipul . COMMISSIONE EUROPEA Bruxelles, 25.3.2020 C(2020) 1981 final COMUNICAZIONE DELLA COMMISSIONE Orientamenti agli Stati membri per quanto riguarda gli investimenti esteri diretti e la libera circolazione dei capitali provenienti da paesi terzi, nonché la protezione delle In particular the commission has a duty to ensure the treaties and law are upheld, potentially by taking member states or other institutions to the Court of Justice in a dispute. [2][81] The Commission's civil service is headed by a Secretary General. It includes 47 member states, 27 of which are members of the European Union. Commissione Europea, Brussels, Belgium. Although he was a little-known former French finance minister, he breathed life and hope into the EC and into the dispirited Brussels Commission. Más información sobre el cometido del Consejo Europeo, envíe su solicitud al servicio de información al público. However, individual Commissioners, by request of the council or Commission, can be compelled to retire on account of a breach of obligation(s) and if so ruled by the European Court of Justice (Art. [24] Following the Jenkins Commission, Gaston Thorn's Commission oversaw the Community's enlargement to the south, in addition to beginning work on the Single European Act. It is also usual for the President to attend meetings of the G8. Contribuye a la organización y la coherencia de la labor del Consejo, así como a la aplicación de su programa de 18 meses. [50][51] The governmental powers of the Commission have been such that some, including former Belgian Prime Minister Guy Verhofstadt, have suggested changing its name to the "European Government", calling the present name of the Commission "ridiculous". Contractual agents, detached national experts, young experts, trainees etc.) [18][22] The external representation of the Community took a step forward when President Roy Jenkins, recruited to the presidency in January 1977 from his role as Home Secretary of the United Kingdom's Labour government,[23] became the first President to attend a G8 summit on behalf of the Community. (int'l edition)", "Auditor blames politicians for EC waste and corruption", "Guido Strack – the downfall of a whistleblower", "Paul van Buitenen: Alleged irregularities in OLAF", "Rejection may undermine EU's effectiveness, warns Swedish premier", Czechs prepare for possible second Irish No, "Brussels European Council 21/22 June 2007: Presidency Conclusions", "European Commission press release of 9 September 2019", "Interview with European Commission Secretary-General Catherine Day", "Implementing powers of the Council of the European Union", "Evolution of the European Council: The implications of a permanent seat", "Executive Power in the New European Constitution", "The Citizens' Right of Initiative in the European Constitution: A Second Chance for Democracy", "EU/China/US climate survey shows public optimism about reversing climate change", "Brussels European Council, Presidency Conclusions", "Portuguese premier wants to unite bloc: Barroso nominated to head EU executive", "Portugal's Prime Minister Barroso nominated as European Commission president", "José Manuel Durão Barroso: The New Commission President", "Nomination of Commission President handled 'in a most unsatisfactory way, "Statement by the President-designate of the Commission", "EU commission sees civil servants' power grow", "[Comment] Power is slipping from the commission to the council", "La Commission européenne a une nouvelle secrétaire générale", "Former EU Mandarin Spills the Beans on Commission Intrigue", "EU carefully manages PR through 1000s of press releases", "The peculiar world of the European Union", "Search result in Rapid, the European Commission's press database, 1 January 2010 to 31 December 2010 and 1 January 2011 to 31 December 2011", "As the E.U. 17.5 TUE aveva previsto che, dal 1° novembre 2014, avrebbe dovuto costituirsi di un numero di membri corrispondente ai due terzi del numero degli Stati membri, compresi il presidente e l’alto rappresentante dell’Unione per gli affari esteri e la politica di sicurezza. The power of a Commissioner largely depends upon their portfolio, and can vary over time. Public țintă . Căutați membri. También conocido informalmente como el Consejo de la UE, es el foro donde se reúnen los ministros nacionales de los países de la UE para adoptar la legislación y coordinar las políticas. The European Commission (EC) is the executive branch of the European Union, responsible for proposing legislation, implementing decisions, upholding the EU treaties and managing the day-to-day business of the EU. [37] In 2008, Paul van Buitenen (the former auditor known from the Santer Commission scandal) accused the European Anti-Fraud Office (OLAF) of a lack of independence and effectiveness.[38]. I membri della Commissione sono attualmente in numero pari a quello degli Stati membri, ma a causa dell’aumento di quest’ultimi, l’art. That was the first time a Commission had been forced to resign en masse, and represented a shift of power towards the Parliament. Otras se utilizan para optimizar nuestro sitio web y garantizar su seguridad. She submitted the guidelines of her policy for 2019–2024 to the European Parliament on 16 July 2019, following her confirmation. È il principale organo esecutivo dell'Unione europea ed è composta da un Collegio di membri comprendente un Commissario per ogni Stato membro. Ecco cosa fa la Commissione europea: gestione delle politiche e assegnazione dei finanziamenti dell’Unione europea. Fue en la cumbre europea de París en febrero de 1974 cuando se decidió que estas reuniones de Jefes de Estado o de Gobierno se celebrarían en lo sucesivo regularmente y adoptarían el nombre de "Consejo Europeo" para permitir un enfoque global de los problemas de la construcción europea y garantizar la cohesión del conjunto de las actividades comunitarias. [57] Under the Lisbon Treaty, EU citizens are also able to request the commission to legislate in an area via a petition carrying one million signatures, but this is not binding. La Commissione inizia e attua le decisioni, il Consiglio dell'Unione europea e il Parlamento europeo adottano la legislazione e i bilanci, il Consiglio europeo stabilisce gli orientamenti politici. [80] There has also been a greater degree of politicisation within the Commission. were employed. Originating in 1951 as the High Authority in the European Coal and Steel Community, the commission has undergone numerous changes in power and composition under various presidents, involving three Communities. The position is currently held by Ilze Juhansone. Some EU states at that time did not even have a crime against shipping toxic waste; this led the Commissioners Franco Frattini and Stavros Dimas to put forward the idea of "ecological crimes". 1768 press releases were published in 2010 and 1589 in 2011. Ciertas cookies sirven para obtener estadísticas agregadas sobre las visitas al sitio web, que nos ayudan a seguir mejorando el sitio y atender mejor a las necesidades de quienes lo visitan. In 1958, the Treaties of Rome had established two new communities alongside the ECSC: the European Economic Community (EEC) and the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom). The United States declined to join this video conference or to contribute funds.[106]. Subiecte . Following their appointment, the President appoints a number of Vice-Presidents (the High Representative is mandated to be one of them) from among the commissioners. In recent times Europe has seen an increased threat level of CBRN attacks. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}50°50′37″N 4°22′58″E / 50.84361°N 4.38278°E / 50.84361; 4.38278, For members of the current Commission, see, Commission of the European Atomic Energy Community, High Authority of the European Coal and Steel Community, Commission of the European Economic Community, Hix, Simon (1999) "The political system of the European Union" MacMillan, Basingstoke. Avenue de l'Europe F-67075 Strasbourg Cedex Tel. He arrived when Europessimism was at its worst. Active . [107][108] When the Parliament is meeting in Strasbourg, the Commissioners also meet there in the Winston Churchill building to attend the Parliament's debates. However, the council was allowed to withdraw these powers, exercise them directly, or impose conditions on their use. También puede consultar las publicaciones del Consejo, acceder a los archivos y hacer búsquedas sobre la legislación que el Consejo negocia con el Parlamento Europeo. Historically, the commission had indeed been seen as a technocratic expert body which, akin with institutions such as independent central banks, deals with technical areas of policy and therefore ought to be removed from party politics. [28], The successor to Delors was Jacques Santer. The European Commission has committed EU member states to carbon neutrality by 2050. Para obtener más información sobre estas cookies, sobre cómo y por qué las utilizamos y sobre el modo en que puede modificar su configuración, consulte nuestra página sobre la política de cookies. La Una decisione tempestiva consentirà di mettere a disposizione subito i finanziamenti e di agire dove è più urgente farlo. Following the selection of the President, and the appointment of the High Representative by the European Council, each Commissioner is nominated by their member state (except for those states who provided the President and High Representative) in consultation with the Commission President, although he or she holds no hard power to force a change in candidate. ALĂTURAŢI-VĂ MIILOR DE ORGANIZAȚII EUROPENE, ASOCIAȚII ȘI COMPANII PENTRU A SALVA VIEȚI. [48][49] This aspect has been changed by the Treaty of Lisbon, after which the Commission exercises its powers just by virtue of the treaties. Înregistraţi-vă! Rimani informato sulle notizie dall'Europa e … [16] Hallstein notably began the consolidation of European law and started to have a notable impact on national legislation. — L'autorità competente dello Stato membro che necessita di assistenza trasmette una notifica agli Stati membri e alla Commissione europea tramite il SARR. [14] The reason for the change in name was the new relationship between the executives and the Council. COMMISSIONE EUROPEA Bruxelles, 25.10.2011 COM(2011) 679 definitivo Allegato II (Parte XI) ALLEGATO ALLEGATO (PARTE XI) Accordo che istituisce un'associazione tra l'Unione europea e i suoi Stati membri, da una [65] Furthermore, the commission is responsible for the implementation of the EU budget, ensuring, along with the Court of Auditors, that EU funds are correctly spent. [67] In practice, however, they do occasionally press for their national interest. I negoziati prendono parecchio tempo, perché la mole della legislazione europea che i paesi candidati devono recepire nel loro ordinamento nazionale è considerevole. Furthermore, the DGs can exercise considerable control over a Commissioner with the Commissioner having little time to learn to assert control over their staff. This is in contrast to the Council of the European Union, which represents governments, the European Parliament, which represents citizens, the Economic and Social Committee, which represents organised civil society, and the Committee of the Regions, which represents local and regional authorities. It took office first on 10 August 1952 in Luxembourg City. You agree to PRIVACY POLICY. [55] However, the Council and Parliament may request the commission to draft legislation, though the Commission does have the power to refuse to do so[56] as it did in 2008 over transnational collective conventions. [31] However, the Santer Commission did carry out work on the Treaty of Amsterdam and the euro. Within the EU, the legitimacy of the commission is mainly drawn from the vote of approval that is required from the European Parliament, along with its power to dismiss the body. La Commissione europea potenzia il quadro normativo per gli aiuti di Stato ... mano agli Stati membri si è ulteriormente ampliato e contempla misure per garantire la liquidità, sostegno ai lavoratori e incentivi per la produzione di dispositivi utili a combattere la diffusione del virus e a curarlo. [82] The rules of procedure of the European Commission set out the commission's operation and organisation. Does More, Fewer Tell About It", "The democratic credentials of the new European Union: does the Constitution increase the EU's democratic legitimacy? As a result of a fraud and corruption scandal, the entire Santer Commission was forced by the Parliament to resign in 1999; a central role was played by Édith Cresson. La Commissione europea è stata fondata nel 1958 e ha sede a Bruxelles in Belgio. The Council of Europe is the continent's leading human rights organisation. The commission's chief spokesperson is Pia Ahrenkilde Hansen who takes the midday press briefings, commonly known as the "Midday Presser". Proprio per questo, la Commissione europea viene anche detta “organo di individui”, nel rispetto dell’articolo 17 del Trattato sull’Unione europea che recita: “I membri della Commissione sono scelti in base alla loro competenza generale e al loro impegno europeo e tra personalità che offrono tutte le garanzie di indipendenza. Membrii Consiliului European sunt cei 28 de șefi de stat și de guvern din țările UE.